The National Parks Board recently marked the 25th anniversary of the Park Connector Network (PCN) in Singapore. With over 300 km (with the aim to grow the PCN to 360 km by 2020) and an island-wide network that cuts across major parks, nature sites and housing estates, it is imperative that lighting conditions are optimal. To promote safer parks, the single most requested physical design modification to improve safety is usually an increase in lighting.
Lighting is a key factor because it can clarify the layout of a park by emphasising walkways, focal points, gathering places and building entrances. When planned as a coordinated system, lighting improves the night time legibility, use and enjoyment of a site.
The top of the hierarchy includes lighting activity areas and primary walkways so that they become the focus of pedestrian activity after dark. At the bottom of this hierarchy is the decision not to light some areas at all because their use at night would be unsafe or inappropriate.
Placement of lighting
Consistency of lighting
For the design state in relation to outdoor lighting: